THE PROVINCE OF CAVITE is located on the southern shores of Manila Bay in the Calabarzon region in Luzon which is 30 kilometers south of Manila. Its capital is the city of Trece Martires and bounded by Laguna provinces to the east side, Batangas to the south and South China Sea to the west side.
The province of Cavite has a very rich history. According to historians, Royal Datus from Borneo Sultanate came to the vicinity through a boat called "Balangay" before the Spaniards came and called the area as "Kavit" which means connection or link. It means that the Caviteño's bloodlines were connected with the Brunei royalties as well as the Sulu Sultanate royal families. Another version foretold is that the name was derived from a Filipino word “Kawit” which means hook since the land is said to be hook-shaped on the old Spanish map.
Filipinos revolted against the Spaniards in 1842. The three Filipino priests GOMBURZA (Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos and Jacinto Zamora) were implicated in the Cavite mutiny when 200 Filipinos staged a rebellion within Spanish garrisons. On August 25, 1896, Cavite became a bloody theater of war. Emilio Aguinaldo led the uprise of Caviteños and raided Spanish headquarters. Then on June 12, 1898, the first Republic of the Philippines was proclaimed in Kawit, Cavite. During the American Period, Cavite was the site of the Cavite Naval Base.
Cavite is the smallest province in the CALABARZON region with a total land area of 142,706 hectares. The land is generally flat and gradually rises in altitude going southwards towards the Tagaytay Ridge. Land use is primarily for agriculture with 49.32% or 70,378.90 hectares of the total land area. Agricultural crops include food crops, industrial and commercial crops, and ornamental crops.
In terms of population, the province now has 2,063,161 people with 5.45% growth rate. Predominant language used by the people are Tagalog, Chabacano and English, and majority of the population are also Roman Catholic, followed by Aglipayan believers, Iglesia ni Cristo, other Christian sects and Muslims.
On the other hand, the Climate in Cavite has a dry season which begins in November and ends in April, and the rainy season starts in May and ends in October. Cool months are from December to February, while summer months are from April to May.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY IN CAVITE
Cavite has become a preferred destination of both local and foreign investors, and has become the industrial and commercial hub as well. The province is very much near Metro Manila and this contributed to the advent of various commercial establishments. Currently, Cavite has approximately 31 industrial estates and 973 investors investing in the 718 existing industrial establishments. Various shopping malls are also located in Cavite such as SM Malls and Robinsons Malls.
The provincial government maintains a strong network with Cavite Micro, Small and Medium Entrepreneurs (MSMEs) and provides members with technical assistance in various forms from product development to marketing. The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) revealed that Cavite tops the list of provinces in entrepreneurs. At the moment there are around 145 MSMEs in the province including enterprising cooperatives. Cavite also has 124 commercial banks, financing companies, 483 pawnshops and 3 non-stock savings and loan associations. The province also has a cooperative sector which provides capital and generates livelihood among its constituents.
ART AND CULTURAL HERITAGE IN CAVITE
The province has very rich culture, traditions and fiesta celebrations such as Mardicas which is a war dance held in Ternate town and Karakol or street dancing with a fluvial procession which is usually held in coastal towns. There is also a pre-colonial ritual called the Sanghiyang as a form of thanksgiving and to heal the sick. Another cultural tradition is the Live via Crucis or Kalbaryo ni Hesus which is being done during Holy Week and Maytinis or word prayer that is annually held in Kawit every December 24 just before the beginning of the midnight Mass.
YEARLY SPECIAL EVENTS
Birthday of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo
This is celebrated every March 22 in commemoration of the birth of the First President of the Republic.
Foundation Day Gen. Trias celebrates its foundation every December 13
Independence Day This is celebrated every June 12 in Kawit as a re-enactment of the historic proclamation of Philippine independence at the mansion of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.
Paskuhan sa Imus A month-long festival of Christmas holiday. The town of Imus is bathed in thousands of lights, a dazzling array of lanterns of all shapes and a food fair featuring the best of Cavite products.
Taunang Parangal An annual awarding of certificates of recognition to the graduates of Gen. Trias with honors.
Water Festival or Regada
This is celebrated every June 24 in honor of Nuestra Señora de Porta Vaga; sprinklers are installed at the city’s main streets so that revelers get a different kind of shower.
The province sells shell crafts or fine bridal wear at the town of Taal which specializes in the weaving of handcrafted barong. Tourists may also buy basket wares, bamboo products, ceramics, bags and wallets and other novelty items.
Cavite is also into food and fish processing and is engaged in exporting new number of products such as Arengga Vinegar, Cafe Amadeo and Don Robertos mango wine.
MUNICIPALITIES OF CAVITE
Cavite is subdivided into 20 municipalities and 3 cities:
CITIES AND MUNICIPALITIES
NO. OF BARANGAYS
NO. OF BARANGAYS
Trece Martirez City
Gen. Mariano Alvarez
NO. OF BARANGAYS
Battle of Alapan Marker and Flag
A 90-foot tall flagpole stands here where the Philippine flag waves proudly. The marker is set atop three large rocks each encrusted with painted cement. On the center rock is a statue of a woman boldly holding the Philippine flag.
It is the largest of the five islands guarding the entrance to Manila Bay. Tadpole-shaped, it lies off the southwestern tip of the Bataan Peninsula, 26 miles off Manila. During the last Pacific war, Corregidor became a theater of war between the Japanese Imperial Forces and the combined defenders of Filipino and American troops.
Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine
The town of Kawit played an important role in Philippine political history. The proclamation of the Republic of the Philippines was made in this town on the balcony of the home of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. Now a national shrine, it was in this house where the Philippine flag was first seen.
This is a 1,200 sq. meter garden. It is located in front of the Development Academy of the Philippines Conference Center, Sungay East, and Tagaytay City.
It is the Philippines’ second summer capital, next to Baguio. Various hotel accommodations give the visiting tourists the pleasures of relaxation and the same time, wide opportunities to enjoy the magnificent view of Taal.
Other places to visit:
HISTORICAL LANDMARKS AND CHURCHES
ANCESTRAL HOUSES /MUSEUMS / LIBRARIES / PARKS
11th Airborne Division Marker
41st Division USAFFE Marker
Battle of Binakayan Monument
Battle of Julian Bridge Marker
Gen. Baldomero Aguinaldo Shrine
Gen. Candido Tirona Monument
General Trias Monument and Park
Imus Historical Marker
Nuestra Señora dela Soledad de Porta Vaga
Our Lady of La Salette Shrine
Saint Francis of Assisi Church
Sanduguang Siklab ng Digmaan Marker
St. Anne’s Shrine
St. Mary Magdalene Parish
Andres Bonifacio House
Fort San Felipe
House of Gen. Reigo de Dios
House of Tirona
House Where Andres Bonifacio was Court Martialed
Museo ng Tagaytay
People’s Park in the Sky
Picnic Grove and Livelihood Complex
The Flower Farm
GARDENS / CAVES / LAKES
BEACH / RESORTS / FALLS
The historical province of Cavite is very accessible from Manila via Public transport. Buses going to Cavite load and unload passengers at Vito Cruz corner Harrizon St. FX taxis are parked in front of McDonald’s beside Harrizon Plaza. These buses and taxis usually take the Roxas Blvd. or Coastal Road route going to Cavite City. There are mini- buses going to Tagaytay or Trece Martires found in Baclaran.