THE PROVINCE OF EASTERN SAMAR is located in the Eastern Visayas region of the Philippines. Its capital is Borongan, bordered to the north side by Northern Samar, to the west side by Samar province, to the east side by Philippine Sea and to the south side by Leyte Gulf.
Ferdinand Magellan landed in the Philippines to rediscover western provinces in 1691 and called the place as "The Watering Place of Good Signs", and soon after Jesuit missionaries arrived in 1596 and established mission centers from what is now known as the Eastern Samar area. The settlements soon became a pueblo and the eastern part was then known as Ibabao and distinct from Samar which was the name of the western part. The province of Eastern Samar was created from the island of Samar by virtue of Republic Act No. 4221 on June 19, 1965.
Eastern Samar has a total land area of 4,339.60 square kilometers measuring approximately 150 kilometers. Land use is based on Alienable and Disposable Land at 447,075 hectares, Forest Land at 201,375 hectares, Unclassified Forest Land at an area of 245,700 hectares, Classified Forest land with 239,166 hectares, Forest Reserves, Timberland, National Parks, Military Reservation Civil Reservation, and Fishpond Development. The province is rough and hilly, covered with dense tropical vegetation but drained by numerous rivers and creeks. Mountain ranges and peaks abound in an interior.
In terms of population, the province has 375,822 people. Predominant language used by the people is Waray-Waray dialect. On the other hand the climate of Eastern Samar is characterized with rainier season whole year round, which normally occurs in the months of November to January, and dry season from July to September. Temperature ranges from 22.9 °C to 30.8 °C.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY IN EASTERN SAMAR
The province’ main revenue comes from agriculture of maize, rice, sugarcane and other vegetables. Additional investment is also based on production of Copra and timber exporting.
ART AND CULTURAL HERITAGE IN EASTERN SAMAR
YEARLY SPECIAL EVENTS
Balangiga This is celebrated every September 28 in commemoration of the 1901 Philippine-American encounter which also features pageantry.
Homonhon Landing This is celebrated on March 16 annually with re-enactment of the discovery of the Philippines by Magellan
This is celebrated every September 7 showcasing presentations and in honor of the lady of Nativity as the Patroness of Borongan.
MUNICIPALITIES OF EASTERN SAMAR
Eastern Samar is subdivided into 1 city and 22 municipalities, and 595 barangays:
CITIES AND MUNICIPALITIES
NO. OF BARANGAYS
This is watchover during the Spanish regime to guard against the Moros.
Calbiga Whitewater River
Whitewater rafting and kayaking are available through the Leyte Park Hotel in Tacloban.
A beautiful lighthouse atop the mountain of Divinubo, constructed by the American engineers in 1906.
This spring is said to be miraculous. Around the spring is a Spanish-built stone wall.
View the historic Magellan marker in the area, located southeast of Guiuan.
Kantican Island / Pearl Island
Located in the town of Guiuan, the pearl culture farm is a haven of rich marine life and corals. This is a perfect site for scuba diving, fishing and swimming.
Navy 3149 Base
The site had been the base of the American soldiers of WWII as well as the famed Enola Gay, the B-52 Bomber that dropped the first atomic bomb on August 7, 1945 in Hiroshima, Japan.
The large cave characterized by a natural rock formation.
Three airlines operate regularly from Manila to Tacloban City and there is another option to travel by land plying the Manila-Maharlika-Highway route passing Eastern Visayas. By Sea travel, fast ferries and ships facilitate inter-island travel from Cebu, Manila, and other ports of call.