SAN CARLOS CITYis located at the Northeast part of Negros Island bounded by the Municipality of Calatrava on the North, Municipality of Don Salvador Benedicto and the City of Bago on the West, Municipality of Vallehermoso (Negros Oriental) and the City of Kanla-on in the South side, and by Tañon Strait in the East.
San Carlos City was also known as Nabingkalan in the 17th century which was derived from the name of a chieftain’s daughter in Negrito settlement who governs the barrio at that time. The settlement was later bought by a fellow Filipino from Cebu and the settlement since then developed into a Christian Village.
During the Spanish regime in 1856, the Island of Buglas (Negros) was divided into two (2) provinces, the West Negros under Iloilo and the East Negros under Cebu. The barrio of Nabingkalan was under the jurisdiction of Iloilo and since then the place was renamed to “Pueblo”. Then in 1890, Negros Island was divided into Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental making Pueblo a barrio of Calatrava. A few years later, a parish priest of Calatrava assembled the cabesas de barangay and all agreed to change the name of the town to San Carlos in honor of Patron Saint Carlos Borromeo. Then on November 4, 1898 the seat of the town was transferred to San Carlos. In 1925, Calatrava was organized into a municipality.
In the onset of First World War, the residents of San Carlos produced enough staple and sugar crops and when the ceasefire happened on 1917, most of the planters or residents having sugar plantations gained more wealth due to the increase in the price of sugar. Then in World War II, residents of San Carlos and Calatrava formed a guerilla movement under the leadership of Lt. Leonardo Marane and Lt. Alfredo Valdivia to fight the Japanese Imperial Forces. In March 1945, the local guerilla attacked the Japanese garrison in the compound of San Carlos Milling Company and succeeded.
On July 1, 1960, by virtue of Republic Act 2643, the Municipality of San Carlos was converted into the City of San Carlos. Improvements and city development then paved way since then.
San Carlos City has a total land area of 45,150.0000 hectares or 451.50 square kilometers which consists of sloping to rolling lands. There are also steep areas with slope distribution and has a coastline stretch of about 21 kilometers.
The current census states that the city has a total population of 123,451 with 23,941 households. Most of the residents speak Cebuano, Ilonggo, English, Filipino and Chinese.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
The city is a strategic business hub which is just a few kilometers away from other neighboring cities such as Bacolod and Dumaguete. Currently, the city already has various commercial and business structures, residential subdivisions, townhomes and recreation centers. Thus San Carlos City is said to be an ideal investment destination due to its strategic location, rich assets in terms of agriculture and real estate, organized local governance and the city has a major masterplan to industrialize further its agro-businesses. This masterplan or project aims to enhance an industrial estate, residential and commercial complex and eco-tourism estate. The local government supports all business ventures by giving attractive incentives such as seven (7) years exemption from taxes and other fees and five (5) years exemption from real estate taxes to various new businesses in the city.
The City of San Carlos has two seasons which is the wet season beginning from June to October and the dry season from December to May.
ARTS & CULTURE
San Carlos residents also enjoy various festivities showcasing the arts and culture of the city:
Bailes De Luces (La Castellana) – This is celebrated annually on December 30 to January 5 as a festival of hope and thanksgiving.
Banana Festival (La Castellana) – This is a harvest festival every first week of April.
Pinta Flores Festival –This is celebrated every year in the month of November with flowers tattooed on the bodies of the participants and their costumes.
The city has various local agricultural produce such as: Sugar (Raw & Refined), Molasses, Black Pepper, Cabbage, Beans, Corn, rice, livestock, mango, bananas, coconuts, peanuts, coffee and Soya milk; cottage industry products: cross stitch, native pandan based products such as bags and house decors, pottery and ceramics.
LIST OF “BARANGAYS” (or communities)
The city has 18 barangays:
Barangay San Juan
San Carlos City has various tourist destinations and festivals to join with in its festivity yearly:
“Basilia” White Sand Beach Resort
Acacia Playground and Kiosks
Alinsyawan Falls – Is just 35 minutes away from Pamhawan proper.
Bala-Ang Bukid ni Maria
Balaang Bukid Ni Maria – This is situated in Barangay Palampas and features the Stations of the Cross and a shrine overlooking San Carlos.
Century-old Balete Tree
Choco Hills – Is situated in Barangay Prosperidad along the Negros Translink Ecotourism Highway.
Codcod Rice Terraces – This is just 28 kilometers from the city proper. This place is also a main source of rice and vegetables.
Hacienda House of Don Teodolfo Infante – This is situated in Hacienda Guadalupe and was built in 1929 with unique architecture.
La Fortuna Nature and Wildlife Lagoon
New San Carlos City Hall
Our Lady of Lourdes Sacred Grotto
Paseo De Flores
Peeble’s Beach Resort
Pinatalawas (November 2)
Pintaflores & Pintabata Festival (November 3-5)
San Carlos Borromeo Cathedral
Sipaway Island – This Island is also known as Refugio Island which has a century-old Balete tree, white sand beach resort, a private wharf and recreation center and a huge public swimming pool.
Sta. Ana Grotto – This grotto was built in 1960 and devotion to the grotto reportedly miraculously cured a lot of people with illnesses and disabilities.
Steam Locomotives – This is situated in San Carlos Milling since 1911 that is used as transportation of sugar planters from the Hacienda to the Sugar Mills.
Whispering Palms Island Resort
Negros Occidental is just 55 minutes from Manila and 30 minutes from Cebu by air.
By sea, it is an 18-hour cruise from Manila and one hour aboard sea crafts from Iloilo. By land and sea travel, it is seven hours from Cebu.
San Carlos is 144.5 kilometers (coastal road) and 82 kilometers (mountain road) away and 167 kilometers from Dumaguete City and 15 nautical miles across Tañon Strait. Bus Company of Ceres Liners plies this route daily.