MARIKINA CITY is much known as the “Shoe Capital of the Philippines” or “Shoe Capital of Asia” notably for its shoe industry. A large pair of shoes that were created by the shoemakers in the city was recently recognized by the Guinness Book of Records. The city also boasts of its Shoe Museum which homes the famous shoes of the former First lady Imelda Marcos.
The city is one of the cities that comprise Metro Manila, the National Capital Region in the Philippines, located along the eastern border of Metro Manila, bordered on the west by Quezon City, south by Pasig City, and north by San Mateo Rizal. Approximately 21 kilometers away from Manila, and the city is a valley bounded by mountain ranges and sliced by a river.
Marikina City is now the most industrialized city in Metro Manila. Various malls can also be found in the metropolis like the Sta. Lucia East Grandmall, Robinsons Place Metro East and many others. Marikina is very much distinguished with its river, the Marikina River which runs through the center of the city. During Christmas season, the river becomes a venue for the Christmas Festival.
The spot known as Chorillo in Barangay Barangka was said to be the spot were the Augustinians first arrived in the Marikina valley. It was only in 1630 during the Spanish period that the Jesuits administered the spot and established a settlement naming it Jesus dela Peña meaning Jesus of the Rocks. In 1687, the settlement became a parish and was then known as Mariquina and later on Marikina with the coming of the Americans. There were a lot of legends told as to where the name “Marikina” was derived, some say the town got its name from Captain Berenguer de Marquina during 1787 under the Spanish government; others say the town was named after a Jesuit priest among other foretold legends.
Marikina officially became a town in 1787, and in the year 1887 the shoemaking industry started through the pioneering of Don Laureano “Kapitan Moy” Guevarra. Then in 1896, a revolution was formed in the leadership of Andres Bonifacio and his Katipuneros. The local government was then disrupted, but after the Philippine revolution ended Mariquina became the capital of Manila from 1898 to 1899. This is also the period in which Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippine Independence.
On June 11, 1901 during the American occupation, Mariquina officially became Marikina, and the province of Rizal was created by virtue of Act. No.137. Then on November 7, 1975 the twelve western towns of Rizal including Marikina were made a part of the new Metropolitan Manila Area by Presidential Decree No. 824.
During the 20th century, Marikina had fully emerged as a town of shoemakers. It was in 1950 when shoe industries were built in the city and soon waves of workers stayed and Marikina thus the increase in the city population.
In 1992, the city completely became an urban city under the direction of Mayor Bayani “BF” Fernando who is now the Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority. It was in December 8, 1996 when the Marikina municipality became a chartered city by virtue of Republic Act No. 8223. The twin city of Marikina is Brampton, Ontario in Canada.
The total land area of Marikina City is approximately 2,150 hectares representing about 3.44% of the total land area of Metro Manila. The land use is more on residential, commercial, industrial, institutional facilities, development, housing projects, and roads structure.
Currently, the total population of Marikina is 457,722. The original settlers of the land were Tagalog, until other migrants settled in the city. The people of Marikina are called "Marikeño", but the main language used is Filipino or Tagalog.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
The city now prides itself as a major host of shoe making, and other multinational and exporting firms. The city has already received numerous citations and awards for its progression.
The city commerce in public markets is also in full swing, like the Marikina Public Market also known as Marikina Market Hall or People’s Mall. Modern shopping malls are also unstoppable. SM Prime Holdings plans to construct an SM City Marikina along Marcos Highway beside the Marikina River and plans to be open this year. There are also various shopping complex with very affordable goods, crafts and delicacies.
It is also the primary target of the Philippine government to construct and improve the Marikina-Infanta Road, which is the main highway between NCR and Quezon Province passing through Rizal Province.
The city has two pronounce seasons which are the Dry Season during November to April, and Wet Season during months of May to October. Maximum rainfall is usually from months of June to September with an average annual temperature of 27.1 °C.
ARTS & CULTURE
Marikina City has developed a cultural and heritage zone with the development of Sentrong Pangkultura ng Marikina and Shoe Museum. The historic two-century old Kapitan Moy Building was converted into a Cultural Center to serve as a venue of various activities showcasing Filipino traditions and arts.
Marikina River is also Marikina’s heritage, a once polluted and squatters settlement site it has now been transformed into sports and recreational park. Old Churches are also well-maintained. The current local government initiates various efforts in preserving the customs and heritage of the city that would fit into the urban development of the city.
The city also boasts of its official folk dance which is LERION. The dance was found in Parang, Marikina during the early 1950’s. Lerion was concocted from the famous “Leron, Leron, Sinta” song.
The city is the biggest manufacturer of quality shoes made from rubber, wood (bakya) and plastic. It also manufactures food processing, cigarettes, porcelain and chinawares, confectionary, automobiles and cars, appliances, crafts like bags, hats and slippers.
The city offers various delicacies from diverse cultures, and well-modernized dining facilities in the city proper.
In the past centuries, Marikina used to be the base of Roman Catholic missions. Religious orders who arrived in Marikina were Dominicans, Franciscans, Jesuits and Augustinians.
The Patron Saint of Marikina is Nuestra Señora de los Desamparados, and old Churches include San Jose Manggagawa Parish Church in J. Dela Pena and Immaculate Concepcion Church in Concepcion Uno.
Currently, the city has other religious groups like Pentecostal, Iglesia ni Cristo, Muslim, Buddhism, Judaism among others.
LIST OF “BARANGAYS” (or communities)
Marikina City is part of the Marikina Valley. Marikina divided into 16 barangays. The city also has 2 geographical districts, the District 1 and District 2:
Jesus De La Peña
Santa Elena (Poblacion)
Here are the 2 districts with their barangays:
District 1 (southwest side of Marikina River)
District 2 (northwest side of Marikina River)
Jesus Dela Pena
Sta. Elena (Poblacion)
ANGEL TUAZON ENTERTAINMENT DISTRICT
The avenue is now known as Gil Fernando Avenue, a 500 meter stretch of entertainment hubs from karaoke bars, restaurants, boutiques, night clubs and other shops.
In 1950, the 1,571 hectares occupying various residence, malls and Palmera Homes used to be a pasture land famously owned by the Tuason family until in 1958 the whole land were converted to subdivisions due to the rising population. The city local government decided to place 18 sculptured cows in this area to serve as a marker of the area that was once a farm in Marikina.
This park is situated at the corner of Shoe Avenue and Sumulong Highway with a fountain similar to Rajah Sulayman Park in Manila and an architectural facade.
CLEAN AND GREEN MARIKINA
Marikina Heights is known as “Little America in Marikina” which was awarded as the cleanest and greenest community in the National Capital region and most outstanding community in the Philippines in 1998.
LRT LINE 2 SANTOLAN STATION
Take a ride of the famous railway that starts from Santolan station and ends in Marcos Highway.
LOYOLA MEMORIAL PARK
The park is private-owned and it is one of the oldest and most prominent memorial park in Metro Manila. Its’ total land area is 3.6 hectares and was developed in 1965.
MARIKINA INDUSTRIAL ZONE
The place was established in the 70’s and situated in the northeast portion of Marikina City. The center is a home to big-scale industries such as Nestle, Fortune Tobacco, and Purefoods-Hormel and among many other manufacturing firms.
MARIKINA MARKET MALL
The cleanest public market in Metro Manila.
MARIKINA RIVER PARK
The park is a popular recreational park and the most awarded river with a Hall of Fame award for the cleanest inland body of water in NCR. Site attractions are the Roman Garden, Chinese Pagoda, Youth Camp and Animal Trail, among others. This is also were Christmas Festival is being held yearly.
MARIKINA SPORTS CENTER
The center was built in 1969 which was then known as Rodriguez Sports Center. It is now a popular venue for competitive sports and entertainment events, among many other television programs and events. It has various amenities such as Olympic-size pool, covered gymnasium, trade oval, and grandstand with a 15,000 sitting capacity.
The place was developed by Federaland, the biggest condominium unit at the eastern Metropolitan Manila along Sumulong Highway. It has various shops, restaurants, fastfood chains, bars, and others.
SENTRONG PANGKULTURA NG MARIKINA
The historic 200 years old building was once owned by Don Laureano “Kapitan Moy” Guevarra, the father of the shoe industry in the Philippines. The building has now been converted into a cultural center showcasing various arts, crafts, museum, among others.
The shoe museum was built in 1860 which was formerly a rice mill, but now it has been converted into a museum where shoes of famous people were displayed, such as the 800 pair of shoes owned by former First Lady Imelda Marcos, and shoes of other former Presidents and their First Lady.
PARISH OF OUR LADY OF THE ABANDONED
The Church is located at J.P Rizal, San Roque which was built by the Augustinians in 1600. Since then the place has gone through numerous renovations. It also houses the religious patron of the city, Nuestra Señora de los Desamparados.
The center is located both east and west banks of the Marikina River on a 14 hectare land. The place is declared as the Business, Finance and Commercial Triangle. It is now a center for shopping, commerce, business and entertainment. The place stands out because of its unique setting by the river.
The city was once a largest private hacienda in the Philippines in the early years of Spanish occupation. Early settlers were mostly farmers owning more than 2 carabaos per families. This symbolized the progress and wealth of its townsfolk. The city government traced the route taken by the carabaos from their owner’s homes to the fields and vice-versa during the early days. Thus, the carabao trail in Calumpang now has 28 stone built carabaos that served as an attraction and a marker of what Marikina used to be in the early years.
SAN JOSE MANGGAGAWA PARISH CENTER
This is the first permanent Church built by the Jesuits in 1630 located in the community of Jesus dela Peña.
SM CITY MARIKINA
The place will be open in public before the end of the year 2007 or early 2008. The mall is situated in Riverbanks Center, Marcos Highway.
THE RIVERBEND HOTEL AND CONVENTION CENTER
The very first hotel and resort in the city, located within the Riverbanks Center. It has first class leisure, shopping activities and facilities.
THE WORLD’S LARGEST SHOE
This is certified by the Guinness Book of World Records for having a largest pair of shoes located inside Riverbanks Mall and Riverbanks Center. The shoe is made of genuine leather and upper lining which took 77 days to finish.
The center for culture and arts in the eastern metropolis that showcase various plays, concerts, shows, exhibits and seminars.
The park was built in honor of women empowerment, located in Marikina River Park.
WORLD OF BUTTERFLIES
Be able to see hundreds of various butterflies in different varieties and sizes freely flying, ideal for field trips.
Various land transportation ply the route going to Marikina City via bus in major roads or public jeepneys in minor roads in Metro Manila.