BATANGAS CITY is a 1st class and capital city in Batangas, Philippines. It is also the largest city in Batangas which is the center for trade and seaport as well as sugar plantation in the region. Other products are also manufactured in the city, such as silk, cotton fabrics and coconut oil.
In the year 1572, Spanish missionaries came to Batangas City before a settlement was founded in 1581 and later named the settlement as “Batangan” referring to big logs or “Batang” abundant in Calumpang River. Then in 1601, the name was changed to Batangas.
The place has been the capital and administrative center of the province since 1754. And during the American occupation on July 4, 1909, a civil government was established under the American regime. In the onset of World War II on December 12, 1941, Batangas airport was totally destroyed by the bombing of Japanese planes. The creation of becoming Batangas as a City was put into law and signed by the late President Ferdinand Marcos on June 21, 1969, by virtue of Republic Act No. 5495. It was on July 23, 1969 when the Batangas City government was formally established.
Batangas City has a total land area of 27,633.26 hectares, with rolling terrains that range from 0% to 30% in slope. The land use of the city has rapidly changed from 1946 as a major agricultural land use to becoming a major developed urban center, and since 1981 the City is now an urban commercial and industrial center. Residential land use comprises almost 30% of the total land area and Industrial areas composed of 2,328.56 hectares of the total land area.
THE PEOPLE The current population of the City is 264,658 people with an annual growth rate of 3.39% in 53,685 households.
Predominant language used in Batangas is Tagalog, and some linguists say the City is the ‘Heart of the Tagalog Language’. Some residents can also speak Spanish since Batangas was an important centre during the colonial period.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
The City of Batangas is particularly known as the "Industrial Port City of Calabarzon" and is now the fastest urbanizing cities in the country today. The City is one of the nation's top revenue earning cities and the site of one of the biggest oil refineries in the Philippines; it also houses three power plants using natural gas.
Batangas harbor was also declared as an International Port and an alternate port of Manila. Since the City was identified as an industrial growth center in the region and being the focal point of the CALABARZON program resulted in the increase number of business establishments.
Batangas has two distinct seasons, the Dry Season which generally commence in the months of February to April with temperature that ranges to 29.30 ºC; and then the Rainy season starts from the months of July to October. However, typhoons and depressions most frequently affect the city during the months from October to December. The City generally has a cool season during the months of December to January.
The City of Batangas is famous for its hand embroideries, knives such as “Balisong” and special sausages. Pineapple leaves are also processed to be a cloth known as “Gusi” and eventually use for making a Barong Tagalog, the National Costume of the Philippines.
Cattle-raising is also evident in the City, and there are some areas in which cattles are auctioned particularly in the municipalities of San Juan and Bauan. Sugar is also a major industry with Central Azucarera Don Pedro as the largest sugar producer, thus variety of sweets and rice cakes can be bought here.
Tourists can enjoy a variety of foods in the City from fresh fruits such as pineapples to fresh sea foods such as fish species of Tambakol, Tulingan, Bonito, Tanigue, Tawilis (freshwater sardine), bangus, and Tilapia.
The City is currently the home of the Archdiocese of Lipa, one of the most powerful centers of Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. Batangueños have a term equivalent to almost all the major Catholic terms and dogmas long before the Spaniard came to the country.
LIST OF “BARANGAYS” (or communities)
Batangas City is politically subdivided into 105 barangays:
Dela Paz Pulot Aplaya
Dela Paz Pulot Itaas
Liponpon, Isla Verde
Barangay 1 (Pob.)
Barangay 10 (Pob.)
Barangay 11 (Pob.)
Barangay 12 (Pob.)
Barangay 13 (Pob.)
Barangay 14 (Pob.)
Barangay 15 (Pob.)
Barangay 16 (Pob.)
Barangay 17 (Pob.)
Barangay 18 (Pob.)
Barangay 19 (Pob.)
Barangay 2 (Pob.)
Barangay 20 (Pob.)
Barangay 21 (Pob.)
Barangay 22 (Pob.)
Barangay 23 (Pob.)
Barangay 24 (Pob.)
Barangay 3 (Pob.)
Barangay 4 (Pob.)
Barangay 5 (Pob.)
Barangay 6 (Pob.)
Barangay 7 (Pob.)
Barangay 8 (Pob.)
Barangay 9 (Pob.)
San Agapito, Isla Verde
San Agustin Kanluran, Isla Verde
San Agustin Silangan, Isla Verde
San Andres, Isla Verde
San Antonio, Isla Verde
San Jose Sico
Santa Rita Aplaya
Santa Rita Karsada
Tourists can try parachuting with the jump of point in Barradas Air Strip. This adventurous sport is provided in Barangay Santolan of Tanauan, Batangas. It provides an air field and facilities such as Single Engine Airplanes, Crop Sprayers, flying schools and charter planes.
BASILICA OF SAN MARTIN DE TOURS
Taal Basilica was built in 1575 in San Nicolas in honor of the Patron Saint Martin De Tours. In 1754, this Church was destroyed when Taal Volcano erupted and was later rebuilt in 1755. However it was again destroyed in 1849 due to earthquake. Then in 1856, the present Church was then constructed. The facade of the Church has a baroque architecture with single mass of stone shaped into rich and complex designs, arched openings, and segmental canopies.
This is a festival that is celebrated annually in July 23. This festive features a ‘Subli’ indigenous dance with a song accompaniment.
CARMELITE CONVENT OF LIPA
This convent is situated in Lipa City and is said to be a mysterious site since the shower of petals occurred here to a visionary nun after World War II.
CASA DE SEGUNDA KATIGBAK
The Casa is a typical "Bahay na Bato" with Spanish architecture, named after the first love of Dr. Jose P. Rizal (Philippines' national hero), Segunda Katigbak. This house is considered as a heritage house situated in Calle Rizal, Lipa City.
This is a festival that is celebrated ever December 3 annually in honor of Nasugbu’s patron, St. Francis Xavier. This festive is ended with an auction of cows at the town plaza.
CHURCH OF OUR LADY CASAYSAY
This is situated in Taal and it features cultural artifacts dating from the Spanish era, such as the image of the Virgin Mary that was fished out of the waters in 1603, Augustinian emblems, ornately carved holy water receptacle, and Baroque motifs.
CHURCH OF SAN JOSE
This Church was built by an Augustinian friar in 1812; it features geometrical decorations and flowery capitals on the columns with rounded columns encircling the image of St. Joseph. Outside the Church stands a 19th century multi-tiered belfry.
GENERAL MALVAR MUSEUM AND LIBRARY
This is located near the municipal hall of Batangas that serves as memorial to the last Filipino general who surrendered to the American forces. This museum houses the general’s memorabilia and collection of oil paintings.
ILAGAN ANCESTRAL HOUSE
This is situated in Marcela Agoncillo Street, Taal. This is one of the ancestral houses in Batangas.
JOSE P. LAUREL MEMORIAL LIBRARY
This is the personal property of the family of the late President Jose P. Laurel which now serves as a historical site and public library.
This cathedral was completed in 1865 and was originally built in honor of St. Sebastian. This Church has a Romanesque architecture with circular dome, massive walls and balconies. The body of the church is barrel-vaulted and now illuminated by modern chandeliers.
The shrine features the remains and personal belongings of the late revolutionary hero and "Brains of the Katipunan," Apolinario Mabini. The Hero’s tomb lies at the middle of the site where a replica of the house where he was born also stands.
MAINIT HOT SPRING
This natural spring offers therapeutic waters and a refreshing dip for bathers. The place is situated at the foot of a huge mountain in Barangay Pulang Bato, San Juan.
MARCELA N. AGONCILLO HISTORICAL LANDMARK AND MUSEUM
This is a national landmark wherein Marcela N. Agoncillo, the distinguished Taaleña matron who helped sew the first Philippine flag lived.
The name of the mountain was derived from curly-haired aborigines of the place in the early years; “Maculot” means Kinky hair. This is the highest and prominent mountain in Batangas. Trekkers usually love this site. Several tunnels built by the Japanese soldiers are present in the area.
PARADA NG MGA LECHON
This is a parade of Roast Pig in Balayan, Batangas during June 24. Various lechons or roast pigs from each community are paraded at the town plaza. The townsfolk and guests partake in the fete after the parade.
This resort is situated in the rolling hills of Hacienda Bigaa and offers world-class golf course and first-rate accommodations for tourists.
PUNTA DE SANTIAGO LIGHTHOUSE
This lighthouse was built in 1890 and is still functioning up to this date, located in Calatagan, Batangas.
TAAL HERITAGE VILLAGE
This village is the most preserved site dating back from the Spanish era, similar to the houses in Vigan, Ilocos Sur.
TAAL LAKE AND VOLCANO
This Volcano is Southern Luzon's centerpiece attraction, a gateway for most visitors going to Tagaytay City. It is surrounded by a lake. Taal Volcano is said to be the smallest volcano in the world.
This festival is celebrated in honor of the Holy Cross, situated in Alitagtag, Batangas. The observance peaks on the 31st of May with a colorful procession. The cross is mounted on a gaily decorated float together with other floats with flowers carrying other Marian images.
THE ARCHDIOCESE OF LIPA
This Archdiocese is the first and only diocese in the whole Philippine Archipelago that fully inculcates the Roman Catholic Doctrine for the ethnic groups in Batangas. The Archdiocese discusses the tenets of faith, brief history of the province and its people.
This Island is the most popular dive sites in Batangas. It has been declared as the 'Centre of the Centre' of Marine Biodiversity of the World.
Other destination sites are:
Land transportation services in the city are readily available by bus, public utility jeepneys, privately owned cars and jeeps, and tricycles. For trips going to Metro Manila and neighboring provinces, the commuters can avail the public utility bus system, the largest of which is the Alps, The Bus Inc. which has 55 units followed by Triffman Liner which has 49 units of bus. It is approximately 112 kilometers away from Manila and can be traveled by land for 2½ hours.