DAGUPAN CITY is a 1st class city in Pangasinan, Philippines. The place is located in Lingayen Gulf on the island of Luzon, and is the chief port, commercial and financial center of the province and Northern Luzon.
The city is known as the Bangus (milkfish) capital of the Philippines because of its abundance of fresh bangus. It was also on May 3, 2003 that the longest barbecue measured 1,007.56 m (3,305.64 ft) was created by the people of Dagupan City as part of the city’s Bangus Festival.
In 1583, Bacnotan (or what is now known Dagupan) was said to be a marshland thickly covered with mangrove and nipa palm trees. Natives lived along the shoreline and riverbanks. Before the arrival of Spaniards in 16th century, Lingayen Gulf was already a prosperous place visited by traders from various Asian countries. The natives also had experience with pirates from Japan and China, and one of this is Lim Feng or Lim A-hong, a Chinese corsair who was later known in Philippine History as Limahong. In the year 1574, Limahong together with his men and the Spaniards had a long battle.
During the Malong Revolt in 1661, a big fire hit Bacnotan. Malong sent 3,000 supporters, most of whom were Zambal tribesmen to Ilocos and Cagayan to fight the Spaniards. The people of Bacnotan joined the Spanish in repelling the Zambal marauders, rebuilt the town and renamed it Nandaragupan, meaning where once stood the commercial center. Nandaragupan became a town in 1720, but the name was simplified to Dagupan. The city's name is derived from dagupan in the local Pangasinan language meaning 'gathering place' as the city has been a regional market center for centuries.S In 1762, Dagupan would be one of the first towns to join the Palaris Revolt against Spain.
In 17th century and onwards developments in the place took place with the opening of the docking station in Pantal (or what is now known as Pantalan Port) and eventually became a trading center. Bangus industry and fishponds also flourished, and Spaniards built roads connecting to Pangasinan and the Cagayan Valley. In 1891, Manila – Dagupan Railway was completed.
However, on March 7, 1898, the Dagupeños unveiled a coordinated attack on Spanish forces which was known as the the Battle of Dagupan that appears to have been planned months in advance. The revolutionary forces are armed only with bolos and lances and they attacked the Spanish with an ingenious rolling trench made of several banana tree trunks, wrapped in sheets of dried nipa palm leaves. The trenches were seven feet in diameter.
On June 20, 1947 after the World War II, Dagupan became a city by virtue of Republic Act No. 170. It was signed into law by President Manuel Roxas on October 15, 1947. Since this time, commercial establishments grew rapidly, more roads were built, schools and public markets were constructed. On July 16, 1990, a magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck northern Luzon. The worst hit cities were Cabanatuan, Baguio and Dagupan. A lot of public and private structures were destroyed or damaged when river banks slid into the Pantal River and dry land into the swampy areas.
Dagupan City covers a total land area of 40,079,278.93 square meters or 4,008 hectares. However, the digitized cadastral maps reveal that the sum of the lands within Dagupan's boundaries is 4,446 hectares, bounded by the Lingayen Gulf in the north, San Fabian in the northeast, Mangaldan in the east, Calasiao in the south and Binmaley in the west. Land use is primarily for Agriculture with 35.98% of the total land area, fishpond, cropland, residential with 22.88%; others are for commercial, industrial, institutional, government private, parks, and roads.
The City has a current population of 143,445 people in 25,921 households. Pangasinan is the most populous province in the Philippines. The average annual growth rate of the city is 0.69% and having a population density of 2,931person/square kilometer.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
Dagupan City’s economic investment comes from cropland or agriculture production such as rice, and livestock/Poultry of swine, cattle, carabao, and goat. Poultry population produces 15,000 heads. There is also the Fishery and Aquatic Resources with the production of Bangus – 2,440 metric tons yearly, Tilapia and Sugpo (prawns).
Currently, there are 17,617 registered businesses in the City and as of 2005 Dagupan gained 2,734,384,069.17 total investments in manufacturing, personal services, industrial and trading sectors.
The city belongs to climate Type I characterized by two seasons: the dry season starts in November and ends in May, while wet season starts in June and ends in October. Heavy rainfall is usually experienced during the months of July and August. The coldest month is January.
ARTS & CULTURE
Dagupan City Fiesta is celebrated every December 16 to 30 annually in commemoration of its revered patron, St. John the Evangelist. The City Fiesta showcases a grand colorful festivity and thanksgiving for blessings and bounty. Various activities are staged to mirror the Dagupan City life, then and now. Other events are also highlighted such as the City pageantry.
Dagupan City specializes in the production of sugarcane, corn, rice, copra, salt, and alcoholic liquor produced from the nipa palm.
Dagupan City is famous for all sorts of Bangus specialty such as boneless marinated, boneless plain and regular bangus. The City also sells bagoong alamang (composed of salted small shrimp), terong (composed of salted bonnet mouth), Siganids (malaga) and Ipon (goby).
LIST OF “BARANGAYS” (or communities)
Dagupan City is politically subdivided into 31 barangays:
Barangay II (Nueva)
Barangay IV (Zamora)
Barangay I (T. Bugallon)
CATHEDRAL OF ST. JOSEPH
The Cathedral was built in 1816 and was currently restored.
This restaurant is one of the oldest establishments located along Angel B. Fernandez Avenue.
HOME ECONOMICS BUILDING
This is situated at the West Central Elementary School where Gen. McArthur stayed during World War II.
This served as guide to navigators at night and is located at Bonuan Gueset.
MAC ARTHUR LANDING MARK
A statue of Mac Arthur was erected in this place signifying that he landed at Bonuan Blue Beach.
Through this river, the sea water enters the land and fuses with the fresh water twice a day.
REMNANT OF MANILA RAILROAD
This Railroad was built in 1981 located along barangays Caranglaan and Mayombo.
REMNANTS OF FRANKLIN BRIDGE
This Bridge once connects the Downtown area and Calmay and later on sank in Calmay River with San Alberto Magno College during the biggest flood in 1935.
Dagupan is 212 kilometers away from Manila and it can be traveled by land for 4 to 5 hours by major buses plying the route such as Victory Liner, Dagupan Bus Company, Five Star and Fermina Express. On the other hand Dagupan is also accessible via Baguio which is just 70 kilometers away and can be reached in 2 hours by any land transportation.