CALOOCAN CITYor Kalookan is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. The City is situated just north of and adjacent to the City of Manila and is divided into two areas: Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the City of Manila and is bounded by Malabon City and Valenzuela City to the north, Navotas to the west, and Quezon City to the east; and Northern Caloocan City and lies to the east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte City in the province of Bulacan.
During the Spanish era, Caloocan used to be a small barrio named Aromahan or Libis Espina. Chinese, mestizos or Indians were the first inhabitants of Caloocan. The arable portions of Libis Espina owned by the Augustinians were leased to the 500 inhabitants at that time. Most of the townsfolk were fisherman; others are engaged in agricultural crops. Caloocan originated from the Tagalog word “lo-ok” meaning Bay as the place is near Manila Bay. In 1802, the residents of the barrio grew. Then the barrio was converted into a town in 1815, occupying a vast territory and the socio-economic further improved. The first Gobernadorcillo was Mariano Sandoval, while the first curate was Fray Manuel Vaquerro, a Recollect.
A few years later, export products produced by Caloocan entrepreneurs were in great demand in Manila to meet the commitments of the Philippine traders to Acapulco. Then on February 23, 1892, the railway project from Manila to Mabalacat, Pampanga was inaugurated. Then on November 23, 1892 the railroad line from Manila to Dagupan was finally opened bringing economic opportunities for the people of Caloocan.
Caloocan suffered three years of oppression under the Japanese occupation. And in 1946, Philippine independence was finally proclaimed and Caloocan gained its true freedom. In 1961, through a plebiscite, the municipality of Caloocan became a city.
The total land area of Caloocan City is 55.8 square kilometers. The land use is primarily in residential, commercial establishments, facilities, parks, among many other land uses.
Caloocan is the country's third most populous city with a population of 1,177,604.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
Caloocan City is currently organizing its long-term and short-term socio-economic development plans and policies of the city and the medium-term and annual public investment programs that would appraise and prioritize local investment incentives to promote the inflow and direction of private investment capital.
City of Caloocan has two distinct seasons which is the Dry Season starting in the months of December to April, and Wet Season starting in the months of May to November. The coolest days are usually in December and January.
The maximum weather temperature in the city is 31.2 °C while the minimum temperature during the early hours of the morning before sunrise is at 24.8 °C. On the other hand, mean temperature is recorded at 28.0 °C.
ARTS & CULTURE
The City’s Foundation Day showcases annually the festival of “Pamaypay ng Caloocan”, with the use of “Pamaypay” or fan as it is showcased on techno-modern Folk Street dancing competition.
Caloocan City's 10th Avenue area is well-known for the clusters of motorcycle dealers and motorcycle spare parts dealers.
Various foods and delicacies can be seen in Caloocan City which includes fast-food chains, restaurants, and food stalls in malls.
The City has diverse religious groups, sects or affiliates such as Roman Catholic, Born-Again Christians, Iglesia ni Kristo, among many other groups.
LIST OF “BARANGAYS” (or communities)
Caloocan City is composed of 188 Barangays, which are subdivided into two Congressional Districts. It has been classified as a Highly Urbanized City:
Bagong Barrio (East & West)
***List is still incomplete
Novaliches (2/3 is from Quezon City)
University Hills Subdivision
This monument is the main landmark of Caloocan situated at the intersection of Rizal Avenue and EDSA. The monument was built in honor of the Filipino Hero, Andres Bonifacio.
BUENA PARK UE SPORTS COMPLEX
This complex provides a recreational center such as swimming pool, pelota, tennis and basketball courts. It also has a restaurant serving Filipino dishes.
GUBAT SA CIUDAD RESORT
The resort is ideal for retreats, campings, birthdays, and company outings. It also provides seven swimming pools with matching water slides, hall pavilion, cottages, air-conditioned rooms, basketball and volleyball courts, children's playground, Jacuzzi, and tree houses.
This is a well-known resort in Caloocan and known as the home of Castlesliders. It features two swimming pools with water slides, cottages, picnic huts, air-conditioned rooms, and a cozy restaurant where dart competitions are often held.
MANILA CENTRAL UNIVERSITY
This was built in 1904 and is the first co-educational institution in Caloocan.
The Leprosarium was built in 1940. It is considered to be the oldest leprosarium in Asia.
Buses in Caloocan City ply the major roads while public utility jeepneys ply the minor roads. The Light Rail Transit is considered as the smoothest and fastest way to get across Manila and nearby vicinities.