MALOLOS CITY is the capital city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. The place is located 40 kilometers north of Manila. In 1898, Malolos used to be the site for constitutional convention led by Emilio Aguinaldo establishing the First Philippine Republic in Asia.
The origin of Malolos is based on small settlement of Spanish missionaries. One of the Spanish priest who reached the area asked the barrio natives of Canalate the name of the place, the natives thought they were asking about the direction of the flow of the river thus they answered “paluslos” or downward flow of the river. The Spaniards pronounced the word as “Maluslos” which eventually been changed to Malolos.
Through the years, the population of the settlement grew and upon the construction of a church the barrio became a town. Malolos officially became a town on December 8, 1580. In 1643 - 1898, the townsfolk led a revolution against the Spanish government.
On September 11, 1898, Malolos became a capital of the first Republic and the revolutionary congress was established at Barasoain Church on September 15 of the same year. Then on September 29, 1898 Malolos finally gained its independence from Spain. The constitution of Malolos was approved on January 20, 1899. However, the American forces occupied Malolos on March 30, 1899.
It was on June 12, 1899 when Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the independence of the country in Kawit, Cavite, since then rapid growth and development of the place became formidable. Malolos became a city in 1999, but it was later promulgated and became official as of October 8, 2002.
The latest total population of the city is 175,291 in 36,663 households. The predominant language used is Tagalog, others also speak Kapampangan.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
Malolos City is famous for its major agricultural, fisheries and manufacturing industries. It is also the center of education in Central Luzon with universities such as Bulacan State University, Centro Escolar University, University of Regina Carmeli, and Marcelo H. Del Pilar National High Schools with 13,000 students.
ARTS & CULTURE
Yearly, Malolos City celebrates its famous festivals in commemoration of its rich arts and culture:
This is a special tour of the site of Constitutional Convention.
Singkaban Festival -
This festival is celebrated every September 8-10 annually, in honor of Our Lady of Victory the city’s patron. It showcases traditional art of the “Balagtasan”, folk dances, “Kundiman” and display of Singkaban arches.
Sto. Niño Festival -
The festival is celebrated every last Sunday of January, expressing devotion to Holy Child Jesus.
Tourist may find various native delicacies being sold in the city.
The predominant religion is Roman Catholic.
LIST OF “BARANGAYS” (or communities)
Malolos City has 51 communities in its vicinity:
San Vicente (Pob.)
Santo Niño (Pob.)
Santo Rosario (Pob.)
CASA REAL SHRINE
The shrine served as the National Museum and Printing Press during the First Philippine Republic in Malolos City.
The Church was the original Constitutional Convention site of the First Philippine Republic. Historical landmarks in the Philippine-Spanish revolution and other religious artifacts can be found in its Ecclesiastical museum.
HIYAS NG BULACAN MUSEUM
The museum houses valuable relics, mementos, articles, documents, and handicrafts in Bulacan during the Philippine Revolution years.
The Cathedral was once used as quarters of the First Philippine Republic President General Emilio Aguinaldo.
Major bus companies ply the northern parts of Luzon particularly in Bulacan City. Malolos City can be reached via Baliuag Transit in Cubao.